The first time it happened to me, I was just a teenager.
What is the mysterious “sleep paralysis “and what science says about why it occurs
I still had a few hours to go before I had to get up for school when I woke up. I tried to turn in bed, but my body wouldn’t allow it, I couldn’t move, I was paralyzed up to my toes.
Although my brain was conscious, my muscles were still asleep.
My room felt hot and restrictive, like the walls were closing in, and I panicked. Finally, after about 15 seconds, the paralysis disappeared.
Later, I found a name for what had happened to me: sleep paralysis.
This is a surprisingly common nocturnal condition in which part of the brain wakes up while the body remains temporarily paralyzed.
After that first – and terrifying – incident, I experienced sleep paralysis frequently, with one episode every two or three nights.
The more that happened, the less scary it became. Eventually, it was little more than an inconvenience.
But sleep paralysis can affect people’s lives.
For some, it comes with disturbing hallucinations.
A 24-year-old woman I spoke to, who asked to be identified only by her first name, Victoria, recalls having her first experience one night when she was just 18 years old.
“I woke up and I couldn’t move,” he told me.
“I saw this gremlin-like figure hiding behind my curtain. It jumped on my chest. I thought I had entered another dimension. And the scariest thing was that I couldn’t scream. It was so vivid, so real.”
Researchers believe that these hallucinations may have fueled belief in witches in modern Europe, and could even explain some claims of alien abductions.
What is known about the phenomenon?
Scientists believe that sleep paralysis has probably been around for as long as humans slept.
There are various colorful descriptions of these episodes throughout literary history.
Mary Shelley, the British playwright best known for authoring the gothic novel Frankenstein, was inspired by a painting depicting an episode of sleep paralysis to write a scene for the play.
But the truth is that, until now, little research has been done on this rare condition.
“It’s been an ignored phenomenon… but in the last 10 years there’s been increasing interest,” says Baland Jalal, a sleep researcher at Harvard University, who in 2020 completed the first clinical trial on different ways to treat paralysis. of the dream
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Jalal is one of the few sleep scientists to spend time and energy researching the condition.
His goal is to more solidly understand the causes and effects of this and to discover what it tells us about the broader mysteries of the human brain.
But in 2011, clinical psychologist Brian Sharpless, currently an associate professor at St Mary’s College of Maryland, conducted the most comprehensive review to date of the prevalence of the condition in people.
It examined data from 35 studies spanning five decades. Together, they included more than 36,000 volunteers.
Sharpless found that sleep paralysis was more common than previously thought, with almost 8% of adults claiming to have experienced it at some point. That number is much higher among college students (28%) and psychiatric patients (32%).
“It’s not that uncommon,” says Sharpless, who is also a co-author of “Sleep Paralysis: Historical, Psychological, and Medical Perspectives.”
How is it explained?
After experiencing the phenomenon, some people try to understand what happened to them with supernatural or even paranormal explanations.
In reality, says Jalal, the cause is much more mundane.
At night, our body goes through four stages of sleep. The final stage is called Rapid Eye Movement or REM sleep. This is when we dream.
During REM, your brain paralyzes your muscles, probably to prevent you from acting out physically in your dreams and getting hurt. But sometimes, and scientists are still not sure why, the sensory part of the brain emerges from REM prematurely.
“The sensory part of the brain is activated,” says Jalal. “You’re waking up mentally, perceptually, but physically you’re still paralyzed,” he adds.
When I was in my early twenties, I would experience sleep paralysis every two or three nights, but even then, it didn’t have much of an impact on my life. It was an interesting anecdote for friends and family. In that sense, my experience was common.
“For most people, it’s a peculiar thing that they live with,” says Colin Espie, professor of sleep medicine at the University of Oxford.
“It’s a bit like sleepwalking: most people who sleepwalk never see a doctor. It’s a curiosity in the family, a topic of conversation.”
But for an unfortunate minority, the condition is not so anecdotal.
Anxiety and anguish
Sharpless’s research found that between 15% and 44% of people with sleep paralysis experience “clinically significant distress” as a result.
The problems usually stem from how we respond to sleep paralysis, rather than the condition itself. Patients obsess all day about when the next episode might occur.
“It can be anxiety-inducing at the beginning and end of the night,” says Espie.
“And you grow a web of worry and restlessness around you. The worst expression of that is a kind of panic attack.”
Doctors assert that sleep deprivation increases the likelihood of experiencing paralysis because it fragments sleep architecture. Some patients report that lying on their back increases the chances of paralysis, although the reason for this remains unclear.
To treat sleep paralysis, the most prevalent approach involves educating patients by teaching them about the science behind the condition and providing reassurance that they are not in any danger.
Sometimes a form of meditation therapy is used. The goal is to reduce the patient’s anxiety about going to bed and train them to remain calm when sleep paralysis occurs.
In more severe cases, doctors may consider prescribing medications, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRIs are usually used to treat depression, but they have the side effect of suppressing REM sleep.
The most dramatic and memorable episodes of sleep paralysis are usually the ones that come with vivid hallucinations.
These night visions are often a source of fear, but scientists also believe they can tell us fascinating things about the human brain.
But the muscles are paralyzed, so the brain doesn’t get any feedback signals in return.
“There is an incongruity… the self is fragmented, degraded,” says Jalal.
As a result, the brain “fills in the gap” and creates an explanation for why the muscles can’t move. That’s why so many hallucinations involve a creature sitting on your chest or holding your body.
The brain, a “story-telling machine”
This reinforces the idea, popular among evolutionary scientists, of the human brain as a “story-telling machine.”
We struggle to come to terms with the fact that much of the world is random, so our brains create dramatic narratives to find meaning in the mundane.
Christopher French, head of the anomalous psychology research unit at Goldsmiths, University of London, has spent more than a decade talking to people around the world who have experienced these hallucinations and recording what they saw.
“There are common themes, but there’s also a lot of idiosyncrasies, variability,” French says.
Why do we need more hours of sleep in winter than in summer?
Some hallucinations are hard to explain, and even downright bizarre. Over the years, the French have recorded sightings of a sinister-looking black cat and a man strangled by plants.
Culture heavily influences other behaviors that are much more common.
On the island of Newfoundland in Canada, it is common for people to see an “old hag” sitting on their chests.
Mexicans, meanwhile, usually hallucinate with a “dead man” lying on their chest, while those from Saint Lucia speak of “korma”, the souls of unbaptized children. And the Turks imagine the “Karabasan”, a mysterious and ghostly creature.
This reinforces the idea that humans are overwhelmingly social animals, heavily influenced by culture and expectations.
In fact, in a series of studies, Jalal compared symptoms in Denmark and Egypt, among volunteers with a similar age and gender distribution, and found a cultural gulf in the way sleep paralysis manifested itself.
Egyptians were much more likely than Danes to have experienced sleep paralysis ( 44% compared to 25% ), and more likely to support a supernatural explanation.
“When you have anxiety and stress, your sleep architecture becomes more fragmented, so you’re more likely to have sleep paralysis,” he says.
Your grandmother’s description of the creature, which appears at night and attacks, causes hyper-arousal in you and hyper-alertness in the fear centers of your brain. And during REM sleep you feel, ‘oh, something’s wrong, I can’t move, the creature is here'”.
“It seems that culture can create this amazing effect,” he concludes.
Auto Bone Collector:
The treatment and recycling of organic waste is one of the most difficult components of the global challenge in waste management. Traditional garbage collection and disposal techniques frequently can’t keep up with demand, creating environmental risks and wasteful resource use. However, there is some promise for transforming waste management procedures thanks to cutting-edge technologies . We will discuss the idea of the auto bone collector, its advantages, and how it could revolutionize waste management practices around the world in this post.
What is the Auto Bone Collector?
A state-of-the-art automated waste management device called the auto bone collector was created to effectively collect and recycle organic waste, notably animal bones, in an environmentally beneficial way. It uses cutting-edge robotics, artificial intelligence, and creative sorting techniques to distinguish bones from other waste products, assuring a quick recycling process.
How Does the Auto Bone Collector Work?
To properly separate from various waste streams, the Auto Bone Collector uses a multidimensional strategy. Here is a step-by-step explanation of how it works:
The system is installed in waste management facilities, slaughterhouses, or other relevant locations where animal bones are abundant. It uses sensors to detect organic waste with a focus on bones.
Advanced Sorting Mechanism:
The collected waste passes through a series of conveyor belts equipped with intelligent sorting mechanisms. These mechanisms can distinguish bones based on size, density, and other characteristics, separating them from the rest of the waste.
Artificial Intelligence Integration:
The utilizes AI algorithms to continuously learn and improve its sorting efficiency. Over time, the system becomes better at accurately identifying bones, reducing the chances of false sorting.
Recycling and Processing:
The bones are shipped for recycling or other processing after being sorted. Bones can be used in a variety of applications, including medicinal research, animal feed supplements, and organic fertilizers.
Benefits of the Auto Bone Collector
Benefits the waste management ecosystem in a variety of ways, some of which include
The sorting process is made faster and more accurate with automation and AI, which eases the pressure on manual labor and boosts overall productivity.
The r assists in resource conservation and lowers the need for raw materials by recycling bones and turning them into useful goods.
Traditional disposal techniques frequently have negative environmental effects. By reducing waste and avoiding landfill overpopulation, the encourages sustainability.
The Auto Bone Collector is a cost-effective solution despite the significant initial investment because it reduces labor expenses and maximizes resource usage.
A significant advancement in waste management technology, the offers an effective and environmentally friendly way to handle organic waste, notably animal bones. This cutting-edge system has the potential to revolutionize waste management practices globally by automating sorting and recycling, lowering environmental impact, and fostering a greener, more sustainable future. We may anticipate even greater improvements in waste management as technology develops, paving the way for a cleaner and healthier planet.
Q1: Is the Auto Bone Collector limited to handling animal bones only?
A1: The Auto Bone Collector is primarily used to sort animal bones, but it can also be modified and programmed to sort other kinds of organic waste, making it a flexible waste management tool.
Q2: Is the Auto Bone Collector safe for the environment?
A2: Help to protect the environment. It aids in lessening the damaging effects of waste disposal on the environment by boosting recycling and lowering the need for landfills.l.
Q3: Does the Auto Bone Collector require constant human supervision?
A2: Does contribute to environmental preservation. By promoting recycling and decreasing the demand for landfills, it helps to decrease the negative consequences of waste disposal on the environment.
Q4: How scalable is the Auto Bone Collector’s technology?
A4: The technology is very scalable and may be used in a variety of waste management facilities, independent of their size.
Heart Affairs: Understanding Matters of the Heart
Matter of the heart:
Heart Affairs: Understanding Matters of the Heart emotions often take center stage, dictating our decisions, actions, and relationships. From romantic entanglements to emotional complexities, heart affairs encompass a wide range of human experiences that can profoundly impact our lives. In this article, we will delve into the world of heart affairs, exploring their various aspects, causes, effects, and ways to navigate through them.
What Are Heart Affairs?
Heart affairs refer to emotional entanglements, relationships, or situations that involve intense feelings and attachments. These affairs can manifest in various forms, including:
Can emotional affairs be as harmful as physical affairs in a relationship?
Yes, emotional affairs can be equally damaging as physical affairs, as they involve a deep emotional connection with someone outside the relationship. Emotional affairs breach the trust and intimacy shared with the partner, causing significant harm.
Are heart affairs more prevalent in certain age groups?
Heart affairs can occur at any age, but they may be more common during periods of significant life changes, such as mid-life crises or when individuals are exploring their identity and desires.
Is it possible to forgive and move on after a heart affair?
Yes, forgiveness and moving on are possible, but they require a genuine willingness to rebuild trust, open communication, and personal growth from both parties involved.
How can one differentiate between a close friendship and an emotional affair?
The line between a close friendship and an emotional affair can be blurred. Signs of an emotional affair include secrecy, emotional intimacy, and sharing personal details that would typically be reserved for a partner.
Are heart affairs ever a result of problems within the relationship itself?
Yes, heart affairs can sometimes be a symptom of underlying issues within a relationship, such as lack of communication, emotional distance, or unmet needs.
Heart affairs are complex and multifaceted matters that can have a profound impact on individuals and relationships. While they can lead to emotional turmoil and broken trust, they can also serve as opportunities for growth and self-discovery. By understanding the root causes and effects of heart affairs and adopting constructive approaches, individuals can navigate these challenging situations with empathy and resilience, ultimately leading to personal healing and relationship restoration
“How Coffee Can Enhance Your Health and Lifestyle:Unveiling the Benefits”
“The Wonders of Coffee: Exploring its Benefits and How It Can Enhance Your Health and Lifestyle”
Espresso is a cherished drink that has been delighted by individuals all over the planet for a long time. It has a rich history, dating back to its discovery in Ethiopia in the 9th century, and has since become one of the most popular drinks worldwide. Coffee is not just a tasty beverage; it also offers numerous health benefits that can enhance your overall well-being. In this article, we will delve into the wonders of coffee and explore its benefits in detail, covering various aspects of health and lifestyle.
Boosting Physical Performance
Coffee has long been known for its ability to improve physical performance. One of the key reasons is its high caffeine content, which is a natural stimulant that can enhance physical performance by stimulating the central nervous system. Caffeine helps to increase adrenaline levels in the bloodstream, which in turn can improve physical endurance and stamina. This makes coffee a popular choice for athletes and fitness enthusiasts.
Enhancing Cognitive Function
Coffee is also known to have positive effects on cognitive function. The caffeine in coffee can help to improve alertness, concentration, and focus. It works by blocking the action of adenosine, a neurotransmitter that promotes sleep and relaxation. By inhibiting adenosine, caffeine increases the release of other neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine, which can improve cognitive function and memory retention. Studies have shown that coffee consumption is associated with a reduced risk of cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
Providing Essential Nutrients
Coffee is not just a source of caffeine; it also contains a wide range of essential nutrients. A single cup of coffee contains vitamins B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), and B5 (pantothenic acid), manganese, and potassium in significant amounts. These nutrients play important roles in various bodily functions, such as energy metabolism, brain function, and antioxidant activity. While the amounts of these nutrients in coffee may be small, regular consumption can contribute to your daily nutrient intake.
Boosting Mood and Reducing Depression Risk
Caffeine stimulates the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin, which can help to elevate mood and improve overall well-being.Espresso has been connected to further developed state of mind and a decreased gamble of sorrow. Studies have found that coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of depression and a reduced risk of suicide. However, it’s important to note that excessive coffee consumption can have negative effects on mental health, so moderation is key.
Enhancing Metabolic Rate and Weight Loss
Coffee has also been shown to boost metabolism and aid in weight loss. Caffeine increases the metabolic rate, which can help the body burn more calories and fat. It also stimulates the breakdown of stored fat cells, releasing them into the bloodstream as free fatty acids that can be used as a source of energy. As a result, coffee has been found to have a modest effect on weight loss and can be a helpful addition to a healthy diet and exercise routine.
Protecting Against Chronic Diseases
Coffee is rich in antioxidants, which are compounds that can neutralize harmful free radicals in the body and protect against chronic diseases. Studies have shown that coffee consumption is associated with a reduced risk of several diseases, including type 2 diabetes, liver diseases such as cirrhosis and liver cancer, and certain types of cancer such as colorectal, prostate, and endometrial cancer. The antioxidants in coffee, such as chlorogenic acid, quinines, and melanoidin’s, are believed to be responsible for these protective effects.
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